Operating Systems
Fully equipped PC can be expensive (Intel I7, 12G ram, video card)
Open Source
StabilityGoodSlows down in time,
can freeze. Need to accomplish routine maintenance to keep running at optimal speed.
Very stable system, Linux can run for years without needing to be restarted.
MalwareVery little at this time.
As more and more users and business' switch to Mac, hackers will start focusing on Mac vulnerabilities.
Vulnerable: requires antivirus protection.
Hackers focus on Windows because it is the most popular OS in the world.
Virtually none.
OS SizedHuge - requires lots of RAM. Huge - requires even more RAM.Small and lightweight.
Doesn't require fast processor or lots of RAM.
AppsCan run Windows applications.Proprietary
Has the most available software.
Not as much software available.
MediaGreat running on multi-media.Best for gaming.Not as much multi-media apps available.
VarietyCurrent OSCurrent OSLinux is a kernal (core) - requries a Distribution to function. There are several Distribution choices to give Linux a different feel and look: Fedora (Red Hat), Ubuntu, Debian, Mint.
of Use
Very user friendly.
Unless coming from Windows, there is a learning curve.
Easy to use.Slight learning curve.
Also learning curve between different distributions.
UpgradeUse proprietary hardware and cannot be upgraded as easily.

Uses standard form factors, easier to upgrade,

Uses standard form factors, easier to upgrade.
Apple has it's own help section, and valuable online documentation.
Forums and other support available on the web.
Microsoft has it's own help section, and valuable online documentation.
As the most popular OS, you can always find infomation or tips on the web.
Free and Unlimited, through the Open Source Community. Much documentation available on the internet.
CoolnessBest looking hardware.Depends on Brand, some are cool looking.Same as windows hardware.
Just turn on and use.Most users also just turn on and use. But OS has capability for Geeks to tweak and play with.Since one needs to download the OS and manually do an install and setup... A real Geek. You know what you are doing.
Linux Distributions

Linux Distributions

Many different groups of developers put together their own distro for you to download in the form of a precompiled package.
DistroDescriptionFree pr Pay
Elementary Always places in the top 10 of every list: bestlooking desktop, clean and simple. Some say it's style is similiar to the OSX desktop.Pay what you want
MintOffers 4 different starter downloads or flavors each with a different desktop look. Also great support for media formats.Free
UbuntuOne of the first distros, is available in desktop and server editions. Recommended for those switching from Win or Mac.Free
LUbuntuLightweight and faster version of Ubuntu. Uses Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE). Free
DebianOne of the oldest and most popular distros. Large community support.Free
Fedora WorkstationUsing a distribution made by RedHat, the biggest Linux kernel contributor in the world. Has built in Docker support.Free
openSUSEAlternative to Ubuntu and other Debian based Linux distros. Makes use of a GUI tool called YaST to install and setup an openSUSE system a breeze.Free
TailsIts aim is protecting your privacy and anonymity. Because Tails is a live OS, it's actually not installed onto a PC, when you disconnect from the Internet and turn off the computer, there is no trace of activity on your hard drive. All traffic run through the Tor network.Free
Arch LinuxArch a distro for intermediate and advance users. Not as easy to install, but allows you to customise your build using ability to choose the package to download and install.
Manjaro A Linux distribution which is based on Arch Linux. A fast, user-friendly, desktop-oriented operating system and easier to install.Free
CentOSCentOS is derived from RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) sources. Is available for download in 5 different variations. Great choice for server reliablility, but not the best desktop experience.Free
KubuntuA descendant of Ubuntu, and uses the KDE desktop environment. Has a Windows like interface, so excellent choice for those migrating from Windows.Free
Korora 25Korora is ideal for those new to Linux. Easy to setup and very user friendly.
Does not offer much for experienced users.
AntergosAntergos is an Arch based distribution and was designed for ease of use.$2.00 Tip
Free Mac Maintenance
UtilityShort Description
OnyxMultifunctional utility for Mac OS X. It allows you to verify the startup disk and the structure of its System files, to run miscellaneous tasks of system maintenance, to configure the hidden parameters of the Finder, Dock, Spotlight, and of some of Apple\'s own applications, to delete caches, to remove a certain number of files and folders that may become cumbersome and more.
MaintenanceMaintenance is a System Maintenance and Cleaning utility for Mac OS X which allows you to run misc. tasks of system maintenance: repair permissions, run periodic scripts, reset Spotlight’s Index, rebuild the LaunchServices database, delete Application, Font and System cache, check the status of the hard disk, and more.
ultimateTaskA comprehensive utility with a simple, easy to use interface, to take care of some of the more important cleanup/maintenance tasks for your computer. ultimateTask is especially useful for System Administrators in charge of many Workstations.
AppleJackAppleJack is a user friendly troubleshooting assistant for Mac OS X. With AppleJack you can troubleshoot a computer even if you can\'t load the GUI, or don\'t have a startup CD handy.
CPU Speed AcceleratorYou want to increase the power of your Macintosh? At very low cost? You want to increase by 20% to 30% the speed of your applications without spending money in new hardware? You want to automatically always make the most of the power of your CPU to the foreground application you are using?
Then CPU Speed Accelerator is what you need!
IceCleanA powerful System Maintenance and Optimization Tool using only UNIX built-in System Tasks to help your Mac stay healty and to keep it running smoothly. Version 3.0 is now completely renewed in Scripting and Cocoa Interface for help you in faster and useful Tasks Managing of All Unix Power.
MountyA small status item living in the main menu bar - monitors your free disk space on each volume and notifies you, if disc space is short.
Furthermore, it provides easy access to to each volume and shows free space details. Within its ’Finder Tool’ menu, it provides some small helpful tools to access some volume related OS X features.
AppCleanerA small application which allows you to thoroughly uninstall unwanted apps.
CCleaner for MacThe free CCleaner aims to clean up your OS X system (version 10.5 and greater) by managing cookies (bits of data used to track your Web browsing activity), repairing permissions, and freeing up hard disk space.
Free Windows Maintenance
UtilityShort Description
WiseCareWise Care 365 is a bundle of important registry, disk, and other system utilities for your PC. Easy to use and effective, Wise Care 365 is the best solution to improve your PC's performance. Get Wise Care 365 and your computer will never run slowly again!
CCleanerCCleaner is the number-one tool for cleaning your Windows PC.
Important! - In a supply chain attack that may be unprecedented in the number of downloads, servers hosting CCleaner, a popular tool for cleaning up the PC, has been delivering a version of the said software with malware. Update to software version 5.34 or higher.
GlaryUtilitiesGlary Utilities is a freeware with registry and disk cleaning, privacy protection, performance accelerator and amazing multifunctional tools. It can fix dogged registry errors, wipe off clutters, optimize internet speed, safeguard confidential files and maintain maximum performance.
Advanced System Care FreeA simple registry cleaner cannot give you true performance boost. Advanced SystemCare Free 5 combines Registry clean, defrag, system tune-up, shortcut fix, privacy sweep, junk files clean, disk fix and optimization, and more, to guarantee your PC run like a new one.
Windows XP Disc CleanerThe Disk Cleanup tool helps you free up space on your hard disk by searching your disk for files that you can safely delete. You can choose to delete some or all of the files. Use Disk Cleanup to perform any of the following tasks to free up space on your hard disk:
Auslogics Disk Defrag Defragments files and free space. Can work silently in the background. Moves system files to the fastest part of the disk. Can defrag a single file or folder.
Absolutely free for home and commercial use.
DefragglerUse Defraggler to defrag your entire hard drive, or individual files - unique in the industry. This compact and portable Windows application supports NTFS and FAT32 file systems.
MyDefragMyDefrag is a free defragmentation program for all Windows systems starting from Windows 2000*1.
MyDefragGUI is the graphical user interface for comfortable handling for this program.
Smart Defrag It is known that disk fragment has been a primary cause of slow and unstable PC performance. With \"install it and forget it\" feature, Smart Defrag 2 works automatically and quietly in the background on your PC, keeping your hard disk running at its top speed. This powerful, award-winning free disk defragmenter is 100% safe and clean with no adware, spyware, or viruses.
Mz StartUp ManagerMz StartUp Manager was designed to help users easily control Windows startup configuration. You can add, enable-disable or delete unwanted programs which automatically start after boot, making the startup procedure more efficient and faster.
Mz Services ManagerMz Services Manager is a small, simple, easy-to-use application, designed to help you take control of Windows services. Create Windows services profiles based on on what is suitable for you and load them whenever you decide. Finally, you can choose to perform an automatic tune-up to increase PC performance.
Glary Quick StartupUsing the StartUp manager you can easily add, remove, edit, disable, and enable any and all of these \"startup items\" in order to keep your system\'s boot-up process as fast and efficient as possible. *Also available in the Glary Utilities.
ATF CleanerThe ATF Cleaner is a non-invasive program that looks for files listed as temporary files and removes them from your system.
Linux Antivirus
AntivirusShort DescriptionCost
AVG LinuxBasic antivirus protection for Linux/FreeBSD available to download for free. Free virus protection for your PC. For private and non-commercial use only. Free
AVAST LinuxThe antivirus kernel of avast! for Linux is identical to the kernel for Windows systems.
The latest version of the avast! antivirus kernel features outstanding detection abilities, together with high performance. You can expect 100% detection of In-the-Wild viruses (viruses already spreading between users) and excellent detection of Trojan horses with minimum false positives.
SophosWe cover the widest range of Linux kernels, even 64-bit versions.
Our management interface handles Linux plus Windows, Mac and UNIX, and virtualized computers.
You\'ll find and get rid of viruses, spyware, Trojans, worms and other unknown threats.
You choose when and how to scan your disks, drives and file systems.
Our Red Hat Package Manager gets you started and keeps you updated.
Kaspersky LinuxKaspersky Endpoint Security for Linux provides corporate networks running Unix-based operating systems on their endpoint machines with centralized protection from all types of malware and potentially dangerous programs. Pay
F-ProtVersion 6 of F-PROT Antivirus for Linux is a new, significantly enhanced version that incorporates version 4 of F-PROT Scanning Engine which has been updated considerably compared to the previous version. F-PROT Antivirus for Linux now also supports both 32bit and 64bit versions of Linux x86. Free
Eset Nod32ESET NOD32 Antivirus 4 for Linux Desktop offers complete protection against cross-platform and emerging threats. Built on the award-winning ThreatSense scanning engine, the solution delivers real-time protection without system slowdowns, shielding Linux-based systems from all types of malicious code.Pay
Norton Symantic LinuxSymantec Endpoint Protection 12.1 provides unrivaled security, blazing performance, and smarter management across both physical and virtual machines to protect against mass malware, targeted attacks and advanced persistent threats without compromising performance or business.Pay
Clam AV LinuxVarious third parties have developed versions of ClamAV to work on a variety of operating systems. Several of these are listed below. Installation instructions for many operating systems can be found in the documentationOpen Source
Mac Antivirus
AntivirusShort DescriptionCost
Norton Antivirus & Internet SecurityAntivirus - Fast Protection that does more to stop viruses and spyware.
Internet Security - Includes all features of Norton AntiVirus plus a powerful firewall and identity protection.
Kapersky AntivirusKaspersky Internet Security for Mac delivers premium protection for your privacy, identity and children – plus Safe Money makes online banking & shopping safer than ever on a Mac.Pay
McAfeeMac users are not vulnerable to the same viruses and threats that have traditionally plagued PCs but the Internet has leveled the playing field. Mac users are now just as susceptible to online risks as PC users. Pay
AVASTFor more than two decades, avast! antivirus software has changed the way people think about antivirus. Now we’re changing the way you think about Mac security.Free
ProtectMacKeeping your Mac safe from computer threats.
Scan any area of your Mac or Network.
Detects both Mac and Windows threats.
SophosSophos Mac Home Edition - You get business-grade protection for your Mac backed by our SophosLabs experts - 24 hours a day. It will stop, quarantine and cleanup Mac or Windows threats that try to infect your computer. It can even stop new, unknown threats.Free
Virus BarrierVirusBarrier X6 offers thorough protection from viruses, Trojan horses and all other known Mac malware. It’s also the only antivirus for Mac that provides solid protection against network threats, with a two-way firewall, network protection, anti-phishing, anti-spyware features and more.Pay
ClamXavClamXav is a free virus scanner for Mac OS X. It uses the very popular ClamAV open source antivirus engine as a back end and has the ability to detect both Windows and Mac threats.

ClamXav can be setup up as passive or active: scan only the files you tell it to or your entire hard drive, whichever you prefer; you can also choose to activate Sentry to monitor your hard drive and scan new files as they arrive.
Eset AntivirusEven your Mac needs protection from viruses, trojans and other malware. Powered by our award-winning ThreatSense® antivirus scanning engine, ESET Cybersecurity for Mac features proactive Mac antivirus protection, an intuitive user interface and complimentary training. Not just antivirus—a complete Mac security solution.Pay
MacScanMacScan is the premier Macintosh security program, protecting you against the latest malware and privacy threats for Apple Mac OS X, offering protection against keystroke loggers, trojan horses, and other spyware.Pay
BitdefenderBitdefender Antivirus for Mac proactively protects Macs against the new breed of Mac viruses. Plus, it destroys Windows viruses (which don\'t affect Macs) so that you don\'t accidentally pass them on to your family, friends and colleagues using PCs.Pay
Comodo AntivirusProactive Antivirus provides complete protection against viruses, worms and Trojan horses for Mac OS X based computers.Pay and
Free Versions
Windows Antivirus
AntivirusShort DescriptionCost
Windows DefenderWindows 7 and 8 - Defender is now full time.
See article link on how to turn on. Rated very good by tests, not a resource hog.
Windows 7 and 8
AVGOur job is to stop viruses before they even get to your PC. We check your files before you open them, your Facebook links before you click, your email before it gets to you and your websites before you visit them.Free and Pay versions
AVASTDownload Free Antivirus if you want just essential protection. But if you want security against threats such as money fraud or targeted hacker attacks, try Internet Security or Premier.Free and Pay
AviraAvira Free Antivirus has received an average rating of 4.5 out of 5 stars based on over 13 qualified reviews by independent experts.Free and Pay versions
ComodoComodo Antivirus Cleans Malware.
Defense+ Host Intrusion Protection.
Auto Sandbox Technology
Free and Pay versions
NortonAntivirus, Internet Security, and 360 Protection.Pay
McAfeeComprehensive, real-time anti-virus, anti-malware, firewall, spam filters, and parental controls, plus automated file backup to our safe deposit box in the cloud.Pay
KasperskyKaspersky Anti-Virus 2013 works behind-the-scenes – defending you and your PC against viruses, spyware, Trojans, rootkits and other threats… all without significant impact on your PC’s performance.Pay
ESETGet our most advanced antivirus and antispyware technology yet in the fifth generation ESET NOD32 Antivirus and enjoy fast, light and proactive protection against viruses, trojans, worms, hackers and other cyber threats.Pay
BitdefenderBitdefender stops emerging e-threats that other products miss due to its live and virtualized behavior-based detection, in addition to cloud-based services.Pay
VipreAntivirusVIPRE Antivirus 2013 optimizes overall performance by combining anti-spyware and antivirus together into a single, powerful tool. Unlike other antivirus programs, you won\'t even notice VIPRE\'s running!Pay
http://www.immunet.com/Fast Standalone Antivirus Software: Immunet Plus leverages the speed of cloud computing to deliver real-time protection to your PC. Light Antivirus: Immunet is up to 35 times lighter than traditional antivirus solutionsPay and Free Versions
F SecureF-Secure regularly receives prestigious industry awards for its advanced protection software. Internet Security 2013 keeps you on the leading edge of superior, cloud-based protection technology, guarding you against existing and emerging threats.Pay
ClamAVClamAV is an open source (GPL) antivirus engine designed for detecting Trojans, viruses, malware and other malicious threats. It is the de facto standard for mail gateway scanning. It provides a high performance mutli-threaded scanning daemon, command line utilities for on demand file scanning, and an intelligent tool for automatic signature updates. Free
Panda Cloud AntivirusPanda Cloud Antivirus lightness and ease of use adapted for your business. The only cloud-based enpoint protection with Device Control technology.Free and Pay Versions
Microsoft Security EssentialsMicrosoft Security Essentials is a free* download from Microsoft that is simple to install, easy to use, and always kept up-to-date so you can be assured your PC is protected by the latest technology.
Microsoft Security Essentials runs quietly and efficiently in the background so you’re free to use your Windows-based PC the way you want—without interruptions or long computer wait times.
MalwarebytesMalwarebytes Anti-Malware Free utilizes Malwarebytes powerful technology to detect and remove all traces of malware including worms, trojans, rootkits, rogues, dialers, spyware and more.Free and Pay Versions
SuperAntispywareDetect and Remove Spyware, Adware and Remove Malware, Trojans, Dialers, Worms, KeyLoggers, HiJackers, Parasites, Rootkits, Rogue Security Products and many other types of threats.Free and Pay Versions
BullGuardLooking for a smarter Antivirus? Choose Bullguard’s cutting-edge multi-layered defence system to keep all malware out. Plus, it’s the only Antivirus with antispam protection.Pay
IoloAt iolo, we believe computers are meant to speed things up, not slow things down. That\'s why we engineered the new System Shield 4 technologies to provide outstanding antivirus and antispyware protection for performance-minded users. It works quietly and efficiently, without slowing your PC down like other security products, so now you can work, game, shop, and socialize online without worry.Pay
G DataG Data AntiVirus 2013 offers the best possible instant protection against viruses, Trojans and other malware using a modern, intelligent combination of two antivirus scan engines, cloud technology and system monitoring.Pay
Linux Firewall
FirewallShort DescriptionCost
IPcopThe IPCop Firewall is a Linux firewall distribution. It is geared towards home and SOHO users. The IPCop web-interface is very user-friendly and makes usage easy.Free
Zorp GPLZorp GPL is a next generation, open source proxy firewall with deep protocol analysis.Free
LutelLutelWall is BASH script used for setting up linux firewall on IPtables. It uses human-readable and easy to understand configuration to set up Netfilter in most secure way.Free
SmoothwallThe Smoothwall Open Source Project was set up in 2000 to develop and maintain Smoothwall Express - a Free firewall that includes its own security-hardened GNU/Linux operating system and an easy-to-use web interface.Free
CoyoteLinuxCoyote Linux is still a small, embedded distribution of Linux designed to work as a firewall for small to medium sized networks (less than 200 users). Free
AppArmorAppArmor is a Linux Security Module implementation of name-based access controls.
and is activated by default in Ubuntu.
TomoyoTOMOYO Linux is a MAC (Mandatory Access Control) implementation for Linux. It was developed by NTT DATA CORPORATION, Japan and is available under the GPL license.
Planned to be released under the next LInux Distribution: Chakra Edn.
Mac Firewall
FirewallShort DescriptionCost
Little SnitchLittle Snitch was always great at showing when data was sent out from your computer. It reveals any outgoing network connection attempt to make sure that sensitive data doesn’t leave your computer without your consent.
With the new inbound firewall in Little Snitch 3 you now get the same level of control for incoming connections as well.
Norton Personal FirewallNorton Personal Firewall is a excellent solution for stopping hackers from gaining unauthorized access to your computer.
Personal Firewall offers a simple out of the box installation protecting your Mac in minutes!
McAfeeAnti-virus, anti-spyware and desktop firewall, with automatic updates and an online management portal hosted by McAfee – so there is no additional hardware or software to buy.Pay
Virus Barrier X6The only antivirus for Mac that provides solid protection against network threats, with a two-way firewall, network protection, anti-phishing, anti-spyware features and more.Pay
Hands OffKeep an eye on Internet connections from all applications as to expose the hidden connections. Prevent them from sending data without your consent, hence avoiding information leakage.Pay
IPNetSentryX Unlike most other Internet security products, IPNetSentryX offers basic protection without erecting barriers for the safe use of your Internet connection. There is no need to \"punch holes\" in a firewall for specific applications you may wish to run. Pay
RadioSilenceThe built-in firewall doesn\'t stop outbound traffic at all. You can only block incoming connections with it, which doesn\'t help with applications that want to phone home. The Radio Silence firewall does stop outbound connections.Pay
Doorstop XDoorStop X is simple. DoorStop will turn off your Mac’s built-in firewall (if it’s on) and replace it with a somewhat more comprehensive software firewall with more specific controls.Pay
NoobProofNoobProof is a basic IPFW firewall configuration tool for Mac OS X 10.5-10.6-10.7.
uses Mac OS X built-in IPFW firewall.
Firewalk XFirewalk is a Mac OS X configuration utility for the built in firewall. While you are running Mac OS X you should be aware that you are running on a BSD/Mach kernal. The built in firewall that Mac OS X offers is rather dirty, some like to get into the unix part of the operating system others still prefer the nice Macintosh GUI. This application makes it possible for you to configure the firewall properly with the graphical user interface that Macintosh users are used to.Shareware
WaterProofWaterRoof is a firewall management frontend with bandwidth tuning, NAT setup, port redirection, dynamic rules tracking, live connections blocks, predefined rule sets, wizard, logs, graphic report and statistics and other features.
It uses Mac OS X built-in IPFW firewall. No kernel modules, no extensions, no pain. WaterRoof is free and open-source.
IcefloorIceFloor uses Mac OS X built-in PF firewall. No kernel modules, no extensions, no pain. IceFloor is free and open-source.Free
Who's ThereProvides advice and helps you take action to combat access attempts
Includes specific support for Leopard and Snow Leopard networking services.
Enhances our DoorStop X Firewall and others
Available standalone or as part of our integrated Security Suite
Windows Firewall
FirewallShort DescriptionCost
Defense WallDefenseWall Personal Firewall - the world\'s first sandboxing-style personal firewall solution.
No learning modes (as seen with firewall and HIPS programs).
Mininimal popups.
Compatible with third-party security software and programs.
No need to configure ports and sockets.
No application checksum re-calculations.
EMIsoftEmsisoft Internet Security
With firewall - to reduce visible surface for attacks
Comodo FirewallComodo Firewall is your first step in keeping hackers, viruses, and malware out of your PC.
Featuring Default Deny Protection™, our Firewall checks an extensive list of over two million known PC-friendly applications. If it\'s not there, Comodo Firewall lets you know before opening your PC\'s door.
Free and Pay Versions
ZoneAlarmMonitors programs for suspicious behavior, spotting and stopping new attacks that bypass traditional antivirus protection.Free and Pay Versions
AVG Internet SecurityAVG Internet Security includes: Our Enhanced Firewall effortlessly bounces criminals and snoops who try and sneak onto your PC to steal your private files, photos, and passwords.Pay
Norton Security FirewallProtect your data with Norton Security's SMART Firewall TechnologyPay
Kaspersky Total SecurityPURE 3.0 offers the same great protection as award-winning Kaspersky Internet Security, plus so much more with features like Password Manager, Online backup, and File shredder! For the ultimate PC security solution, choose Kaspersky PURE 3.0 Total Security.Pay
ESET Internet SecuritySeveral products contain a firewall: Personal Firewall
Keeps your private data safe from hackers.
Vipre Internet SecurityVipre Internet Security contains a 2 way Firewall which protects against incoming and outgoing traffic.Pay
Bitdefender TotalSecurityBitdefender Internet Security and Total Security contain a 2 way Firewall which Guards your Internet connection.Pay
Comparison SSD vs HD
Boots in seconds.Slow, may take over a minute.
Depends on heads reading data (if fragmented or not)
Launches apps fast.Slower
DurabilityNo moving parts.
Lasts long time.
Moving parts, susceptible to shock = wears out in time.
Recommended to disable scheduled defragmentation.
Required for optimal performance.
No moving parts.
WeightLess parts.
9x - 10x lighter
Excellent weight savings for laptops.
Rotating Discs, spindle and motor.
Requries less power = less heat.
Rotaing discs and motor require more power = heat.
Power UseageLittle
Longer battery life in laptops.
More drain on laptop battery.
Memory CapacityUp to around 400 GB
Reports of a 800GB by Intel.
Up to around 4TB
Larger size = more platters for more storage.
Approx $1.50 - $2.00 per GB
Approx $0.10 per GB
Ethernet Cables vs WiFi
Share This